Decoding Energy Transformations
Country goals to achieve system transformations can be successfully achieved by understanding (a) multiple pathways and their drivers (b) analysing the complexity of interactions amongst these drivers – both the synergies and trade-offs, and (c) appreciating the likely differential timelines to effect desired changes in identified drivers. The Centre would complement scientific knowledge with practitioner-informed reality-checks to better inform policies and strategies to achieve transformative changes.
Transition-related reparatory measures
India, and the world at large, has increasingly declared ambitious goals for transforming energy and related systems. As we define the pathways to transition to new systems, the sharp focus on achieving the same may exclude a specific consideration of the fall-outs or unintended consequences of resulting actions. This focus area of the Centre would facilitate a deeper spatial, temporal and equity related understanding of the implications of transition actions, reparatory measures to be established and the capacity building measures that would need to be instituted.
Social tipping dynamics
It is well recognized that both innovative, or indeed disruptive, technologies as well as well-intended policies by themselves may not sufficiently bring about desired transformations. Societal choices and preferences, driven by multiple considerations, have a huge role to play to ensure wide, deep and long-lasting transformations. Deploying a range of analytical tools, including the use of scientific surveys and Data Science applications, the Centre aims to strengthen the leveraging of a key driver of transformative change.
Financing Energy Transitions
Climate finance, and the derivate energy transition finance, has been the focus of intense global debate for decades now. Additionally, we also need to focus on the effectiveness of use of such finance, the opportunities it could create and the inequities it could exacerbate. From deciphering the design of finance-related policies and related programmes to evaluating the actual flow of finance and implementation outcomes, the Centre hopes to place a spotlight on the SDG outcomes of strategies to finance energy transitions.
Transition Technology Assessments
Technological innovations and disruptions are holding great promise for humanity to substantially mitigate the impacts of climate change. The major part of the focus on technological advancements is on mitigation action although there exists a huge potential to harness technology for adaptation and resilience building as well. In any case, it would be prudent to not treat any technology as a silver bullet – rather it has become imperative that each technology be evaluated for its efficacy, applicability and sustainability (in all its dimensions). The Centre would adopt a trans-disciplinary approach to undertake such evaluations in a speedy, yet robust, manner bearing in mind the specific contexts within which the technology is to be deployed.