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Aparajita Dasgupta

Associate Professor of Economics, Ashoka University

Ph.D. University of California, Riverside

An applied microeconomist by training, she holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of California, Riverside. Her research interests lies in the intersection of development, health, gender, environment and labor economics.

Her research contributes to the growing literature on the dynamics of human capital formation, where she is interested to understand the causal linkages between early environment and later life outcomes (health, fertility, cognition, schooling, labour market outcomes and inter-generation mobility). Her research primarily uses large micro-level data, often longitudinal, from developing country setting.

She is also  interested to look at measurement issues involved in using self-reported data and the use of innovative survey tools in addressing those issues.

Aparajita has published in Economic Development and Cultural Change, Economics Letters, Health Economics, IZA Journal of Development and Migration, Journal of Development Economics, Journal of Population Economics, The Journal of Development Studies, Oxford Economic Papers, Population and Development Review, Review of Development Economics, amongst others.



I am an applied micro-economist by training and my research mainly deals with policy-relevant questions that crosscut Development Economics, Health Economics and Labour Economics. In the past decade, applied microeconomics has broadened its focus on the dynamics of human capital formation to examine the importance of early childhood investments on later life outcomes and understanding how these decisions on how much to invest at each stages of life are made at the household level. My work contributes to different aspects of this growing literature. Within this broad area I have been working on a wide range of research topics as following.

Please find here the link to my personal research page.

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  1.  Religious Institutions and Gendered Time Use: Evidence from Ramadan Festivities in India (with Ashokankur Datta)
    Journal of Population Economics, 2024
  2. Road Access, Fertility and Child Health in Rural India (with Anahita Karandikar and Devvrat Raghav), Population and Development Review, 2024
  3. How does a ban on sex-selective abortions affect child health? (with Anisha Sharma), Health Economics, 2023
  4. Shifting gendered social norms: Impact of a mass media campaign on child health in India (with Anisha Sharma), The Journal of Development Studies, 2023
  5. The nutritional cost of beef bans in India (with Farhan Majid and Wafa Hakim Orman), Journal of Development Economics, 2023 [Link to Publication]
  6. Disease environment, infant mortality and fertility response: Evidence from malaria eradication in India (with Shampa Bhattacharjee),  The Journal of Development Studies,2022 [Link to Publication]
  7. Gender based discrimination in health: A review of cross-country evidence (Handbook of Economics of Discrimination and Affirmative Action, Springer, 2022) [Link to Publication]
  8. Unintended Consequences of Indian Groundwater Preservation Law on Crop Residue Burning (with Meghna Agarwala and Shampa Bhattacharjee), Economics Letters, 2022 [Link to Publication]
  9. Preferences or expectations: Understanding the gender gap in major choice (with Anisha Sharma), Oxford Economic Papers, 2022 [Link to Publication]
  10. Missing women: A review of underlying causes and policy responses (with Anisha Sharma), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance, 2022, Oxford University Press [Link to Publication]
  11. Identity and Learning: a study on the effect of student teacher gender interaction on student’s learning (with Sukanta Bhattacharya, Kumarjit Mandal and Anirban Mukherjee), Research in Economics, 2021 [Link to Publication]
  12. Class or caste? A study on the role of caste and wealth status in school choice decision (with Sukanta Bhattacharya, Kumarjit Mandal and Anirban Mukherjee), Review of Development Economics, 2020 [Link to Publication]
  13. Systematic measurement error in self-reported health: is anchoring vignettes the way out? , IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 2018 [Link to Publication]
  14. Can the Major Public Works Program in India Serve as Buffer against Negative Shocks? Evidence from Andhra Pradesh, India. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2017 [Working paper version] [Link to Publication]
  15. Service utilization and cost of implementing a comprehensive HIV prevention and care program among people who inject drugs in Delhi, India (with Mary Philip Sebastian, Lopamudra Ray Saraswati, Asha Singh, Vartika Sharma, Ira Madan, Waimar Tun, Julie Pulerwitz, Ibou Thior, and Avina Sarna) Harm Reduction Journal,2017 [Link to Publication]
  16. Understanding the Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital: Evidence from a Quasi Natural Experiment in China. (with Dong Zhou) Review of Development Economics, 2016 [Link to Publication]


  • Gendered Transport Subsidy and its Short Run Effect on Female Employment: Evidence from Delhi’s Pink Pass Scheme (with Ashokankur Datta)
  • The Effect of COVID-19 on Fertility in India: Evidence from the National Family Health Survey (with Gby Atee and Sneha Lamba)
  • Gender-Gap in Learning Outcomes under Rainfall Shocks: The Role of Gender Norms (with Anahita Karandikar)
  • Roads, Climate Change, and the Dynamics of Structural Transformation: Evidence from India (with Devvrat Raghav)
  • Electoral Cycles in Crop Residue Burning: Evidence from India (with Meghna Agarwala and Shampa Bhattacharjee)
  • Are gender norms systematic to caste institutions? Examining preferences around female work participation in North Indian Villages (with Ashokankur Datta)
  • Labour saving agricultural mechanisation and its impact of the ‘non-labour’ time allocation of Indian women (with Ashokankur Datta)
  • Effect of Teacher Transfers on Student Learning: Evidence from Haryana (with Akanksha Aggarwal and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay)

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Study at Ashoka

Study at Ashoka